Before migrating to Canada with the aim of getting a job, all Non-Canadians are expected to apply for a work permit. But in some few cases, foreign nationals can apply directly at the Canadian border.
WHAT IS A CANADIAN WORK PERMIT
A Canadian work permit is a document issued by the Canadian visa office to an individual who is not a Canadian citizen and doesn’t have permanent resident (P.R) visa, and this permit is required regardless of the employer’s Nationality.
To apply for a Canadian work permit at the Visa office, the applicant must be a legal citizen of the country they are applying from (e.g: A Kenyan must apply from the Canadian embassy in Kenya) or they are constitutionally admitted into the country they are applying from (e.g.: An Italian immigrant lawfully staying in Nigeria can apply at the Canadian embassy in Nigeria).
HOW TO GET A CANADIAN WORK VISA
- Applicants are often required to provide a written job proposal or job stipulation of employment from an employer in Canada before they can apply for a Canadian Work permit.
Your intending Canadian based employer also needs labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), the Canadian Government gives this document, and it authorizes your intending employer the right to hire foreigners.
- The applicant must provide documented evidence that they are qualified for the job requirements.
- Applicants without a job offer (proposal) from a Canadian employer are required to apply for an “Open Work Permit”. This permit lets you work for any employer in Canada.
WHERE TO APPLY FOR CANADIAN WORK PERMIT OUTSIDE CANADA
Customarily, applying for a Canadian work permit is done outside Canada, but sometimes you can apply at the Canadian border or from inside Canada. The application process and time of approval are dependent on the nature of the work you want to apply for when in Canada.
Although all immigrants are allowed to choose their mode of applying for work Visa, some applicants must apply for “Open Work Permit” outside Canada if:
- They will be working as Seasonal agricultural farmers/workers.
- The applicant has been convicted of a past crime.
- The applicant will be working as a live-in worker or a personal worker for households.
- The applicant needs a temporary resident visa.
An applicant outside Canada can apply for a work permit either Online or on Paper, but Online application is always advisable because:
- Instant delivery.
- Faster processing time.
- Avoid delays in processing due to incomplete documents.
- Passport not needed at the initial stage.
- Easy access to application status via the applicant’s online application portal.
Before applying online, ensure you have the following:
- A scanner or Good quality Camera.
- Valid ATM Card (Debit or Credit).
- Complete Forms and Documents.
The following Forms and Documented are to be printed online from the Visa application website (www.cic.gc.ca):
- Family information form.
- Statutory declaration of common union (marriage certificate) if available.
- Personal Information Release Form.
- Payment receipt (application processing fee, biometrics fee, and open work permit holder fee).
- Travel Documents (Passport number, passport photographs, birth certificate).
- Documented proof of qualification to the job being offered.
- Go to www.cic.gc.ca and select English or French as your preferred language.
- Click on “Work” and then select “Get a work permit” and the “Temporary worker”.
- Click on “Apply for work permit”.
- Create an account or sign in if you already have an existing CIC account.
- After successfully creating your CIC account, log in and select “Apply to come to Canada.”
- In the next screen, you will be prompted to enter “A personal reference code”, scroll down and select “Visitors visa, study and work permit.”
- Answer the few questions that pops up (it is essential to answer them honestly as they would be used for future references), make sure you select “more than 6 months” when asked “how long are you planning to stay in Canada” and select “No” when asked “If you have a job offer in Canada”.
- After answering the questionnaire, a “personal reference code” will be generated, copy the code and then paste it in the space provided in step 6.
- After that, you will be required to submit some documents, so make sure the following documents have been clearly scanned:
- IMM5707E – Family information form.
- IMM1295E1 – Educational certificates and history of current and previous employments.
- LOE – Letter of explanation (resume, undergraduate, current employer’s job offering letter, bank statement of account).
- Medical test receipt (this test would be conducted in a CIC approved hospital only, so ensure you perform all the medical check-ups in the hospitals designated to you, and make sure you book an early appointment because CIC approved medical centres are usually overbooked). Using a family doctor or any physician is totally prohibited, and your application would be rejected.
- 35mm X 45mm sized photograph passport.
- IMM5257B – Temporary Visa form (a short form that contains the applicant’s basic details).
- Type in your name, and answer a security question, as this would serve as your online signature.
- Click on “Transmit and pay” and you will be redirected to where payment should be made (Note: only online payments are accepted, and payment is made in USD). The total fee to be paid is $340 (as of September 2019).
All your documents should be in PDF format, anything aside that would be rejected and your visa application may face termination.
After correctly submitting the application to CIC, you are required to go about your normal activities, a letter would be sent to you by mail (containing your application status) this usually takes more than a month after which you are required to send your passport to the closest Canadian embassy in your country for it to be stamped and it would be returned within a week.
It is important to note that:
A work permit does not guarantee permanent residency in Canada or makes you a Canadian citizen.
Your spouse and other family members are allowed to come to Canada with you provided that they have applied for either a work permit or a study visa.
The Canadian Government has the right to revoke and approved work permit if the applicant is found wanting in relation to illegal activities in or outside Canada.
Immigrants that work as caregivers are eligible to apply for a Permanent residence visa provided they meet all requirements.
Employee work permit restricts the applicant to certain types of jobs, while applicants with an open work permit are eligible to work in all fields related to their skills.
Live And Work In U.S.A – How To Apply For Visa Lottery (Green card)
The green card visa is administered by the U.S Citizenship and immigration Services (USCIS), it allows you to stay, work, marry, build and invest in the United States of America on a permanent basis.
They are four methods of getting a Visa into the United States of America namely;
- Family Visa
- Refugee Visa
- Employment Visa
- Diversity Lottery (Green card) Visa.
The diversity visa lottery most commonly known as the green card lottery was commissioned in 1995 as a program which offers an opportunity for Immigrants to automatically get into America, get full citizenship and enjoy all the benefits of an American citizen. The green card lottery is intended to diversify the population of people living in America; therefore, only Countries that are scarcely represented in the USA are eligible to apply.
As of 2018, an estimated 23 Million USA lottery visa application was received, but only a small amount of applicants are accepted because 55 thousand permanent residency cards are made available by the U.S government every year.
Applicants from the following continents are eligible to apply:
- North America
- South America (Central America & the Caribbean)
There are two basic requirements needed to apply for the U.S diversity lottery visa:
The applicant must have gotten a secondary school education (high school).
Two years of work experience at a job which requires two years experience training program (to determine if your work experience meets the requirement, visit www.onetonline.org, and find your occupation category).
Fewer than 1% of the applicants are chosen, an automated system randomly chooses the winners, they are expected to submit the necessary documents, and go for an interview at the U.S embassy in their home country.
The key to getting approved is usually tied to perfect timing (early application) and adhering to the rules that govern applying for a U.S diversity visa. Lottery visa application starts every October and ends November 6th.
APPLYING FOR THE USA GREEN CARD LOTTERY VISA
Only aspirants born in countries whose indigenes qualify for this visa are eligible to apply (A person born in Canada and lives in or outside Canada is not eligible for U.S visa lottery program).
Applicants from ineligible countries but have parents or spouse from an eligible country are allowed to apply provided that the applicant claims the birth country of either their spouse or parent (A Canadian who is married to a Ghanaian is eligible to apply by merely claiming the nationality of his spouse, Ghana).
Go to www.dvlottery.state.gov and select “begin entry”, and “authentication code” would display on your screen, input the code in the provided space and click “submit”.
Fill the “Entrant Information Form” and make sure every detail correctly corresponds to your documents (ensure to select an eligible country to avoid automatic disqualification and also indicate if you are using the country of your parent or spouse in the box provided).
Upload a recent and precise photograph of yourself (group photographs, blurry photographs, and edited photographs with filters or photoshop will be rejected).
Fill the “Derivatives Form” (this form should contain information about your spouse and living children under the age of 21) and also upload a recent passport photograph of your spouse. Go to www.egreencardphoto.com, upload your passport photograph and the system would automatically adjust your photograph to meet the requirements of the U.S government, download the readjusted photograph and upload in the space provided in the Visa application portal.
Review the information submitted and Print a copy for future references.
A “Submission Confirmation” page will pop up with confirmation that your entry to the Diversity Visa Program has been received and is being processed. Print this page and also take note of your “Confirmation Number” before closing the Window (this number will be needed to keep track of your application process and also find out if you have been selected to take part in the USA Diversity Lottery Program.
Applicants are to check their application status by May 5th (7 months after applying) to confirm if they have been accepted into the lottery program. Go to www.dvlottery.state.gov, scroll to the bottom and click “Check Status” and enter your “Confirmation Number” to verify if your entry has been selected.
Winning the green card lottery isn’t a guarantee that you have a green card; it grants you the chance to apply for one.
Applying for Diversity lottery visa is totally free.
Application is only online.
Immigrant Visa and Green Card are the same things, and they offer permanent residence to the holder.
Do not wear eyeglasses in your photographs.
6 Things You Should Know About Dubai Work VISA
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a conglomerate of seven emirates, and Dubai is one the seven emirates. There are no specific visas for each emirate, except in specific circumstances that are utterly related to the Work visa. The Dubai visa is also a UAE visa.
The UAE visa application forms can be downloaded from authorized visa agents and it is completely free of charge.
Below are some of the facts you should know about working in the UAE.
ANNUAL LEAVE IS A RIGHT
All workers in the UAE are entitled to leave on a public holiday, and you will be entitled to full payment on the following occasions.
- New Year celebration: One-day leave
- Islamic New Year: One-day leave
- Eid al Fitr: Two-days leave
- Eid al Adha and Arafat Day: Four-days leave
- National day: Two-days leave
- Commemoration Day: One-day leave
As a worker in the UAE, you are entitled to an annual leave every year of service no less than the following period.
Two days monthly, should the service period be of 6 months at least or 1 year at most, or one month annually should the service period exceed one year. Should the worker service be terminated, the worker will be entitled to an annual leave for the fraction of the previous year.
Remunerations are paid at the worksite and on working days, and the payment must be made in the national currency of the state. It is prohibited for employers to force employees to purchase their products. And also, workers are not required to buy food or other items from the products of the owner of certain stores.
NO EMPLOYER SHALL DENY AN EMPLOYEE MATERNITY LEAVE
In Federal law No. 8, Article No. 30 of the UAE Labour Law states as follows: “A female worker is entitled to maternity leave and with full-payment for an extended period of 45 days, which also include the period preceding and following her confinement, on a condition that the worker has been working for the employer for a period not less than one year.
However, if her period of service is less than one year, she shall be entitled to maternity leave but with half-pay
EMPLOYERS IN DUBAI ARE NOT ALLOWED TO KEEP YOUR PASSPORT
You are not required by law to hand over your passport to your employer to keep in their custody without written consent from you.
Additionally, an employer cannot fire an employee for not surrendering their passport
EMPLOYERS BEAR THE COST OF RESIDENCY VISA
According to stipulated UAE laws, employers must bear visa expenses.
An employee is not required to pay back visa expenses to employers at any time.
Regardless of why and how your contract is terminated, Visa sponsorship and cost are the sole responsibility of the employer, you are not liable to pay for this.
It is illegal and punishable by law for employers to ask for installment-based deductions for visa costs.
8 TO 9 HOURS DAILY IS THE STANDARD WORKING HOURS
The maximum number of ordinary working hours daily is 8 hours, or forty-eight hours weekly.
The number of working hours may be increased to 9 hours daily for employees working in hotels, trades, cafeterias, security and other jobs whose addition may be made by virtue of the Minister of Labour decision.
Additionally, for strenuous and harmful works the working hours may be reduced by virtue of the Minister of Labour and Social Affairs decision.
During Ramadan, the ordinary working hour shall be reduced by 2 hours. The period of commutation spent by workers from their place of residence to the worksite shall not be calculated within the working hours.
How to Get a New Zealand Student Visa
Here is all you should know to apply for a New Zealand student visa. New Zealand is often crudely stereotyped as a rugby-mad nation isolated from the rest of the world and swarming with hobbits, but, truth be told, there are a lot of reasons to give consideration to moving to a university there (and not just because you are a super-fan of Lord of the Rings).
People who DON’T require a student visa for New Zealand
If you’re a national of New Zealand or Australia, possess a New Zealand residence class visa, or possess a valid Australian permanent residence visa (encompassing a current Australian resident return visa) without conditions the visa, you do not require a student visa for New Zealand. If none of the above relates to you then you will have to apply for a New Zealand Student Visa.
People who DO require a New Zealand student visa
If you are intending to study in New Zealand for over three months and are not from New Zealand or Australia, you will require a New Zealand Student Visa.
For programs not up to three months long, you can study in New Zealand on a temporary/visitor visa. For longer programs it is compulsory that you get a student visa.
New Zealand student visa – How to apply
To submit an application for a New Zealand student visa, you can apply online or in person.
To apply in person at your home nation, you will have to get in touch with your local New Zealand embassy or consulate to obtain an application form and/or appointment. On the other hand, you can apply online by going to the official website www.immigration.govt.nz, and signing up for an account. You should submit an application at least six weeks before you plan to move to New Zealand.
Application fees vary based on your nation of origin. You will have to show:
- Admission letter from a school in New Zealand
For your New Zealand student visa application, you will be required to provide evidence of acceptance at a licensed New Zealand-based education provider.
- Evidence of sufficient funds
You will also be required to show that you have enough money to pay your tuition fees (this can comprise proof of loan coverage, scholarship award or other funds) and evidence of funds to provide for your living expenses while you study in New Zealand (through a sponsor, a scholarship, a loan, government support or sufficient bank balance). You have to prove you have a minimum of NZD$15,000 (~US$10,870) for every year if your program is longer than nine months.
- Proof of onward travel
This can be proof of already paid-for return tickets, evidence of additional funds or agreement from a sponsor to pay for return travel. The point is to prove that you plan, and can afford, to leave the nation once you conclude your studies.
- Travel insurance
This can usually be settled through your education provider.
- Medical certificates
If you are intending to study in New Zealand for over 12 months you will have to supply a general medical certificate, a chest x-ray certificate and probably go through a tuberculosis screening.
If you are under 18 years of age, you will also have to present evidence of arranged housing, and if you are 17 years of age or older, a police certificate of “good character”.
In addition to the above, you’ll also need to submit:
- Two color passport photos
- A passport valid for minimum of three months after the date you plan to leave New Zealand
- Evidence you have paid the application fee
Student visas applied for online typically take 20 days to treat, while student visas applied for through the paper form take 25 days to treat.
Can you work in New Zealand with a student visa?
Foreign full-time students with a New Zealand Student Visa are lawfully allowed to work in New Zealand for up to 20 hours each week during session, and may work full-time during all reserved holiday periods like Christmas, Easter and summer holidays. Work experience needed in your studies does not count towards the 20-hour restriction. Foreign students cannot be self-employed.
Masters by research and PhD candidates can work as many hours as they desire.
After your program, you may still be qualified to work in New Zealand, but you will have to check with the visa consultants and then apply for the relevant work visa.
For additional information about New Zealand student visas or concerning your ability to work in New Zealand, check the government’s official immigration website.
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